Buttrey Food & Drug
|Fate||Acquired by Albertsons|
|Predecessor||F.A. Buttrey Co.|
|Founded||1896 (Havre, Montana)|
|Founder||Frank A. Buttrey|
|Headquarters||Great Falls, Montana|
Number of locations
|Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota (1998)|
|Revenue||US$391.4 million (1998)|
|Parent||The Jewel Companies, Inc. (1966-1984)
American Stores (1984-1990)
|Subsidiaries||Buttrey Big Fresh
Buttrey Fresh Foods
Buttrey Food & Drug was a chain of grocery stores founded in Havre, Montana and formerly headquartered in Great Falls, Montana. The company was founded in 1896 as a chain of department stores branded Buttrey Department Store. The company opened grocery stores in 1935 and sold off its department store division following a 1966 acquisition by The Jewel Companies, Inc. Jewel was sold to American Stores in 1984 and Buttrey was sold off as a separate company in 1990. The company was sold to its main competitor, Boise, Idaho-based Albertsons, in January 1998 and the Buttrey name was retired. At that time, Buttrey was operating 44 stores in Montana, Wyoming, and North Dakota with a revenue of $391.4 million. As of today,[when?] most former Buttrey stores continue to operate under the Albertsons banner.
The history of Buttrey can be traced back to 1896 when Frank A. Buttrey opened small store, selling clothing and groceries, in Aldridge, Montana, a short-lived mining town in Park County. Another store was opened at Trailcreek, in Flathead County, Montana in 1899. In 1902, Buttrey moved to Havre, Montana and opened a dry good and general merchandise store. Buttrey's business was incorporated as F.A. Buttrey Co. in 1909.
In 1935, the company spun-off its grocery division to a separate company, Buttrey Foods, Inc. In 1944, F.A. Buttrey Co. acquired Berger Department Store in Great Falls, Montana. Five years later, Frank Buttrey died at age 80 in Havre.
In 1954, Buttrey Foods moved its home office and its grocery distribution headquarters from Havre to Great Falls. At this time, Buttrey Foods owned 15 grocery stores across Montana. F.A. Buttrey Co. would soon follow the grocery chain to Great Falls in 1960.
Acquisition by Jewel and American Stores
In 1966, Buttrey Foods was acquired by Chicago, Illinois-based grocer Jewel Companies. The F.A. Buttrey Co. stores, which operated under the Buttreys Suburban banner and were not part of the Jewel deal, closed in 1976. In the years following the acquisition by Jewel, Buttrey Foods began opening Buttrey-Osco combination stores, which combined the products sold by Buttrey and Osco Drug. Soon after, Jewel Companies financed a far-flung expansion plan which added Buttrey stores to several new markets. In 1981, Buttrey operated 53 stores in Montana, North Dakota, Minnesota, Wyoming, Washington, Oregon, and Idaho.
In June 1984, American Stores acquired Jewel Companies. The following year, Buttrey Foods took full ownership of all 31 Buttrey-Osco stores and rebranded them as Buttrey Food & Drug stores. In 1986, American Stores relocated Buttrey's headquarters to Salt Lake City, Utah, home of American Stores' Skaggs-Alpha Beta division.
In September 1987, Skaggs Alpha-Beta was reorganized into Alpha-Beta Stores, Inc., which relocated Buttrey's headquarters back to Great Falls in a newly formed division of Alpha-Beta.
American Stores put Buttrey up for sale in May 1990 and, during August, sold it to an investment group led by Buttrey's management and Freeman Spogli & Co.. American Stores received US$184 million from proceeds of the sale and other agreements. At the time of the sale, Buttrey had operated 44 stores and employed 4,200 workers in Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Washington, and Wyoming.
Launch of Buttrey Big Fresh and sale to Albertsons
In 1992, Buttrey Food & Drug went public in an effort to reduce debt. By 1994, Buttrey had closed its remaining Idaho and Washington stores to focus on its core markets of Montana, Wyoming, and North Dakota.
In response to increasing competition from retailers such as Costco Wholesale and Walmart entering into Buttrey's core markets, in November 1995, the chain launched the Buttrey Big Fresh concept to increase traffic in Buttrey stores. The first Big Fresh, a remodeled Buttrey in Great Falls, featured several expanded food departments and a Buttrey Food Court, which featured a coffee and espresso bar, and a selection of small restaurants. In the years following, Buttrey converted several other stores to the Big Fresh format.
In January 1998, Albertsons announced its intentions to acquire Buttrey Food & Drug for US$134 million. Albertsons' acquisition of Buttrey was completed in October 1998 and 29 former Buttrey stores were reopened as Albertsons. 15 Buttrey and Albertsons stores were sold to Fred Meyer and SuperValu to address anti-trust concerns. At the time of the sale, Buttrey was operating 44 stores in Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming under the Buttrey Food & Drug, Buttrey Big Fresh, and Buttrey Fresh Foods banners. Shortly after acquiring Buttrey, Albertsons purchased American Stores, Buttrey's owner from 1984 to 1990, for US$8 billion.
In July 1985, an Anaconda, Montana woman opened a frozen broccoli dinner and discovered a live bomb in the packaging. Police were called and the woman claimed she purchased the frozen dinner at a Buttrey store four months prior. All of Anaconda's grocery retailers were ordered to check for similar packages, however, no other bombs were found.
In July 1987, in an angered response to the sale of Buttrey's Boise, Idaho stores to major competitor Albertsons, an anonymous Boise woman placed a phone call to Norm Seymour, Buttrey's loss prevention officer, claiming her husband placed bombs in five Buttrey stores across Boise. Seymour contacted police and ordered store managers to evacuate all Buttrey stores in Boise. Police and sheriff deputies searched the stores, but nothing was found and the stores reopened shortly after.
- "FTC Negotiates Settlements in Albertson's/Buttrey Merger to Keep Supermarket Prices Competitive in Montana and Wyoming". Federal Trade Commission. September 22, 1998.
- "A brief history of Buttrey Food and Drug Stores Co". Great Falls Tribune. October 4, 1998.
- "4th Buttrey-Osco to be built". Tri-City Herald. February 5, 1981.
- Brent, Bob (July 14, 1987). "Buttrey's workers to get job-hunt help". Idaho Statesman.
- "Buttrey division in Great Falls". The Spokesman Review. September 19, 1987.
- "Investment group to acquire 44-store Buttrey Food chain". Spokane Chronicle. August 16, 1990.
- "Buttrey sells six stores". The Spokesman Review. June 28, 1994.
- "Buttrey Food and Drug Company announces the opening of 'Buttrey Big Fresh' in Great Falls, Montana". PR Newswire. November 15, 1995.
- "Buttrey agrees to $134 million deal with Albertson's". New York Times. January 21, 1998.
- "Albertson's completes deal for Buttrey Food". The Spokesman Review. October 2, 1998.
- "Woman finds a bomb in frozen broccoli". Spokane Chronicle. July 18, 1985.
- "Bomb threats cause store evacuations". Spokane Chronicle. July 10, 1987.
- KFBB-TV, a television station named after a radio station founded by Frank Buttrey