Plymouth, Wisconsin

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For other places named Plymouth, in Wisconsin or elsewhere, see Plymouth (disambiguation).

Plymouth, Wisconsin
City
Downtown Plymouth
Downtown Plymouth
Location of Plymouth in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin.
Location of Plymouth in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin.
Coordinates: 43°44′57″N 87°58′36″W / 43.74917°N 87.97667°W / 43.74917; -87.97667Coordinates: 43°44′57″N 87°58′36″W / 43.74917°N 87.97667°W / 43.74917; -87.97667
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Sheboygan
Area[1]
 • Total 33.25 sq mi (86.12 km2)
 • Land 16.12 sq mi (41.76 km2)
 • Water 17.13 sq mi (44.37 km2)
Elevation[2] 843 ft (257 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 8,445
 • Estimate (2016)[4] 8,529
 • Density 529.00/sq mi (204.24/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 920
FIPS code 55-63700[5]
GNIS feature ID 1571709[2]
Website www.plymouthgov.com
Plymouth Post Office, a registered historic place
City welcome sign

Plymouth is a city in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin, along the Mullet River. It is included in the Sheboygan, Wisconsin Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is located in the Town of Plymouth, but is politically independent. Plymouth is known as "Hub City" because it is a former regional center of wooden wheelwrighting.[6] The population was 8,445 at the 2010 census. Mayor Don Pohlman was last reelected in April 2014.

History[edit]

Plymouth was surveyed in 1835 by United States engineers,[7] one of whom was named Mullet, and the Mullet river was subsequently named after him.[8] The first land sold to a private party was sold to an Englishman named John Law who had emigrated from London. It was sold to Law on August 13, 1836. The next sale was to another Englishman, also from London, named Thomas Margrave. Settlers continued trickling in and the town was organized on April 3, 1849.[9] In the 1840s a group of immigrants arrived from Tioga County, Pennsylvania. Their ancestors had moved to that area from New England shortly after the American Revolution. The Thorpe family arrived from Hartford, Connecticut. They were of old New England ancestry. These immigrants being the original pool of settlers in Plymouth gave the region cultural continuity with New England.[10] The town was named Plymouth, after Plymouth, Massachusetts, where the Pilgrims had landed in 1620.[11]

Originally known by early Native Americans as Quit Qui Oc, or Crooked River,[12] Plymouth was settled in 1845 by Isaac Thorp [13] and incorporated in 1877.[14] The city is often called "Hub City" because of its central location within Sheboygan County, but the nickname "Hub City" began in the 1860s when the Schwartz brothers had a wagon shop where they made wagons, hubs and spokes.

Geography[edit]

Plymouth is located at 43°44′57″N 87°58′36″W / 43.74917°N 87.97667°W / 43.74917; -87.97667 (43.749277, -87.976799).[15]
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.34 square miles (13.83 km2), of which, 5.26 square miles (13.62 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,052
1890 1,503 42.9%
1900 2,257 50.2%
1910 3,094 37.1%
1920 3,415 10.4%
1930 3,882 13.7%
1940 4,170 7.4%
1950 4,543 8.9%
1960 5,128 12.9%
1970 5,810 13.3%
1980 6,027 3.7%
1990 6,769 12.3%
2000 7,781 15.0%
2010 8,445 8.5%
Est. 2016 8,529 [4] 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]

As of 2000 the median age in the city was 40.8 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 8,445 people, 3,710 households, and 2,253 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,605.5 inhabitants per square mile (619.9/km2). There were 4,039 housing units at an average density of 767.9 per square mile (296.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.2% White, 0.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 3,710 households of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.3% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 40.8 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

Education[edit]

Wisconsin is an open-enrollment state.[18] This means that families can send their students to any public school, regardless of whether they live in the district. The Plymouth School District serves the communities of Plymouth and nearby Cascade.[19] The Plymouth School District has three elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school.

The Plymouth School District advances its mission through established Pillars of Excellence:

  1. Academic excellence for the 21st century
  2. Community engagement
  3. Extra-curricular activities
  4. Financial responsibility to students and taxpayers.

The Plymouth School District is supported by an active Plymouth Education Foundation [20] that provides scholarships, honors successful teachers and fundraises for facility improvements such as the newly established Food Science and Agriculture Center.

Plymouth Unified School District & School Achievements

  • Plymouth High School was awarded the Education Innovation Award from the NorthEast Wisconsin Manufacturing Alliance in 2014.[21]
  • The district Project Lead the Way engineering program was re-certified for five more years and received an "exemplary school" designation in 2014.[22]

Elementary schools[edit]

There are three neighborhood elementary schools within the Plymouth School District. Each elementary school offers summer youth athletic camps as well as co-curricular opportunities throughout the school year.

  • Parkview Elementary School
  • Fairview Elementary School
  • Horizon Elementary School

Middle school[edit]

Riverview Middle School serves students in grades five through eight. Like all the schools in the district, Riverview operates a Responsive Education structure,[23] which places a premium on high quality differentiated instructional practice, balanced assessment for continuous review of student progress and collaboration, all guided by culturally responsive practices.

High school[edit]

Plymouth High School has a composite ACT average of 22.6, higher than the state average.[24] With a total enrollment of approximately 800 students [25] and 53 full-time teachers,[26] Plymouth has a great teacher-to-student ratio driving the impressive 94 percent graduation rate.[27] More than two-thirds of Plymouth graduates pursue higher education.[24] Plymouth High School also offers college credit courses for students looking for a competitive advantage when making college decisions.

With the support of an art gallery, Plymouth students are able to achieve much success in the arts and dramatic extracurricular activities offered. Students can also join clubs based on florals, robotics, photography, poets and writers (PAW), math, national honors society, student newspaper and much more.

Plymouth has earned a reputation for its joint venture with Lakeshore Technical College in the LTC-Plymouth Science and Technology Center.[28] Students attending Plymouth High School have access to the latest engineering and manufacturing technologies capable of propelling students into high-skill, high-paying manufacturing jobs or STEM careers.

Athletics[edit]

Plymouth's extra-curricular activities include track and field, football, basketball and soccer programs. With state titles for football, soccer, and basketball, the high school competes in the East Central Conference.

Parochial schools[edit]

St. John the Baptist School serves children in 3-year-old kindergarten through eighth grade. This Catholic school includes regular course subjects in art, Spanish, physical education and music in addition to core subject. The school promises not to deny a Catholic education to any child due to financial problems. Students who graduate from eighth grade often continue their education at the public Plymouth High School or the private Roncalli Catholic High School in Manitowoc, WI.

St. John Lutheran School has been offering a Lutheran education to children in 3-year-old kindergarten through eighth grade for Plymouth for 150 years. St. John Lutheran School provides a Christ-centered education focused on academic, physical, spiritual, emotional and social growth. The school combines traditional beliefs with computer technology in classrooms. St. John offers sports for grades four to eight. Those who graduate often continue their education at the public Plymouth High School or the private Sheboygan Lutheran High School in Sheboygan, WI.

Sargento is one of Plymouth, Wis.'s largest employers

Economy[edit]

Plymouth, Wisconsin has a long history in the cheese industry. Once the site of the National Cheese Exchange where cheese commodity prices were set, it now claims the mantle "Cheese Capital of the World" and is home to four major cheese processing facilities:

  • Sargento
  • Masters Gallery
  • Sartori
  • Great Lakes Cheese

Plymouth has a historic downtown district, which promotes a mix of retail, office and service uses. The main traffic artery through the city runs through downtown, resulting in a vibrant area lined with unique shops, eateries and boutiques. The downtown also offers a pedestrian network connecting neighborhoods, schools, parks and commercial areas.

Tourism[edit]

Tourism is an important industry for Plymouth, which hosts visitors to events all over Sheboygan County.[29] With an abundance of parks, citywide events, easy access to the Kettle Moraine National Forest and ski hills, Plymouth is an attractive destination for tourists from all over the country. See recreational opportunities below.

Business parks[edit]

Plymouth is developing its third business park in partnership with the Plymouth Industrial Development Corporation.[30] The new park, east of the city limits, will offer rail access, improved lots from 1 to 25 acres in size and loan and incentive programs through the county. It will join existing parks on the north and south sides of the city. With the Sheboygan County Economic Development Corporation, Plymouth actively works to recruit established businesses and startups to locate in the city.

Major employers[citation needed][edit]

  • Great Lakes Cheese is a family-owned business based in Ohio that supplies cheese under its own label and store brand labels.
  • Masters Gallery Foods Inc. provides cheese under different store brands and food service applications.
  • Sartori Food Corporation makes hard Italian-style, premium cheeses. Sartori won three Gold Medals at the U.S. Championship Cheese Contest in 2015.[31]
  • Sargento Foods is a third-generation, family-owned cheese processor. Sargento operates three facilities outside of Plymouth in nearby Elkhart Lake, Kiel and Hilbert, Wisconsin.
  • Plymouth Foam Inc. is a converter of EPS (expanded polystyrene) and flexible foams for a variety of market segments.
  • Aurora Health Care is a not-for-profit health care system that operates a clinic and surgery center in Plymouth.

Plymouth Chamber of Commerce[edit]

With more than 300 member business in Sheboygan County, the Plymouth Chamber of Commerce's mission is to promote local businesses and attract new ventures to the community. The chamber works closely with the Sheboygan County Economic Development Corporation, especially in the promotion of the county's Someplace Better initiative to bring families into Sheboygan County,[32] along with the Sheboygan County Chamber of Commerce and the Plymouth Downtown Business Manager.

Civic organizations[edit]

  • American Legion Post 243 and Auxiliary
  • Fraternal Order of Eagles
  • GFWC Plymout Women's Club
  • Order of the Eastern Star
  • Plymouth Rotary Club
  • Plymouth Lions Club
  • Pymouth Optimist Club
  • Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 5612

Transportation[edit]

Plymouth is located along State Highways 57, 67 and 23. Rail access is provided by the Wisconsin and Southern Railway Company (WSOR). Sheboygan County Memorial Airport (KSBM) is seven miles away. Plymouth is located less than an hour drive from Milwaukee and Green Bay.

Rail[edit]

A single-track railroad branch line between Plymouth and Sheboygan runs through the city. Built by the Chicago & North Western (C&NW) Railroad, the track originally paralleled the electric interurban Wisconsin Power & Light line, which terminated at Elkhart Lake. In later years it was primarily a freight line for the Chicago and North Western Transportation Company, and Union Pacific after Union Pacific acquired the C&NW in 1995. In 2006, citing low demand and degraded infrastructure, Union Pacific announced plans to abandon the line west of the Kohler Company factory in Kohler, thus terminating all service to Sheboygan Falls.[33] In 2009, the Wisconsin Department of Transportation purchased the Plymouth-Sheboygan Falls portion of the line from Union Pacific,[34] with the intent of repairing the long dormant line to allow the Wisconsin & Southern Railroad to provide restored service to Plymouth by 2015.

Airport[edit]

Plymouth is served by the Sheboygan County Memorial Airport (KSBM), which is located several miles east of the city. SKBM is the seventh-busiest airport in Wisconsin with no commercial travel. The 700+ daily flight operations are primarily business travel. SKBM is capable of landing a 98,000 lbs. aircraft or a Boeing 737 with the longest concrete runway 6,800 feet long, longer than a mile. The airport has fixed base operator with several private, industrial and commercial lots available for development.

Utilities[edit]

The city provides the public water system and sewer. Wastewater is treated by the Plymouth City Utility Commission Wastewater Treatment Facility.

Electricity is provided by Plymouth Utilities.

Natural Gas is provided by Wisconsin Public Service Corporation (WPS).

Phone service is provided by Verizon. Frontier Communications offers broadband services.

Recreation[edit]

Located east of the Kettle Moraine State Forest, Plymouth is a recreational destination for visitors year round. It's also near acclaimed golf courses such as Blackwolf Run, which hosted the U.S. Women's Open in 1998 and 2012, and Whistling Straits, which hosted the 2004, 2010 and 2015 PGA Championships, the 2007 U.S. Senior Open, and is the future site of the 2020 Ryder Cup. The city is home to 17 parks that offer a wide variety of recreational opportunities including baseball (Plymouth Youth Athletic Association]), soccer (Plymouth Soccer Club) frisbee-golf, biking, swimming (Plymouth Aquatic Center), tennis, nature walks and more.

Biking and hiking[edit]

In 2015, Sheboygan County was designated a "Bicycle Friendly Community" by the League of American Bicyclists.[35] Sheboygan County has built nearly 39 miles of off-street bike trails and dozens of miles on on-street trails. The 17-mile Old Plank Road Trail runs from Sheboygan through Plymouth to Glenbeulah, Wisconsin. This trail doubles as a snowmobile trail in winter.[36]

The Kettle Moraine State Forest has several off-road mountain bike trails.[37] Along the Kettle Moraine Scenic Drive in western Sheboygan County, the Greenbush Trail offers four hiking loops.

Plymouth offers a self-guided walking tour of historic downtown, which includes more than 50 historically significant homes, businesses and buildings, two of which are listed on national Register of Historic Places.

Broughton Marsh Park near Elkhart Lake is a 30-acre refuge used for fishing, camping, birdwatching, and hiking. The highlight is the 80-foot-tall Marsh Tower, the tallest in the state,[38] which offers a panoramic view of the surrounding countryside.

Parnell Tower, in the Kettle Moraine State Forest, is a recreation area that features a 60-foot observation tower. There are also well-marked easy hiking trails and the Parnell Trail for experienced hikers.

Camping[edit]

There are three campgrounds in the Plymouth area: Broughton Marsh Park, Plymouth Rock Camping Resort and Sundance Farm Campground.

Concerts[edit]

Free concerts are held every Thursday night during the summer at Plymouth City Park, located at Highway 67 and Grove Street. In addition, the Plymouth Arts Foundation has a folk music series as well as other musical performances.

County fair[edit]

The Sheboygan County Fair is held every year on Labor Day weekend at Sheboygan County Fair Park in Plymouth.

Fall foliage[edit]

The Kettle Moraine Scenic Drive through western Sheboygan County is roughly 25 miles of prime fall color viewing.

Festivals[edit]

Festivals are held almost all year long in the Plymouth area. Some of those include the Jazz Crawl for the Arts, the Mill Street Festival, Oktoberfest, a huge Civil War reenactments at the Wade House Historic Site in nearby Greenbush, Road America races and a Holiday Gathering Christmas Parade.

Golf[edit]

The Bull at Pinehurst Farms in Sheboygan Falls is the only golf course in Wisconsin designed by golf legend Jack Nicklaus. Ranked in the top 100 public golf courses by Golf Digest in 2012-13 and 2015–16, Pinehurst Farms also offers banquet facilities and dining.

Evergreen Golf Course is a 9-hole course located in Plymouth.

Quit Qui Oc Golf Club in Elkhart Lake offers 27 holes, a restaurant and professional golf instruction.

Tom & Jerry's Mini Golf offers two 18-hole mini-golf courses in addition to batting cages and concessions.

Racing[edit]

Plymouth Dirt Track Racing runs all summer at Sheboygan County Fair Park

Road America is a road course located in the hills of Sheboygan County. With 14 turns over four miles, the course hosts a variety of racing events every year including vintage cars, super bike events, NASCAR and Indy car. The track also hosts go-kart racing on its Briggs & Stratton MotorPlex course.

The Plymouth Aquatic Center is located in City Park.

Swimming[edit]

The Plymouth Aquatic Center at City Park is a zero-depth-entry pool with waterslides, a sand play area and concessions.

Plymouth High School's indoor pool is open to the community during open swim times.

Winter sports[edit]

Cross-country ski trails are groomed and available at a variety of locations in Sheboygan County, including the Kettle Moraine State Forest, Maywood Environmental Park, Jaycee Park and Evergreen Park in Sheboygan.

Downhill skiing is available at Nutt Hill in Plymouth, which opens once there is 10 inches of snow on the ground.

Sheboygan County has 230 miles of public snowmobiling trails.

Landmarks[edit]

An artist works on his canvas next to one of the Walldogs murals that dot downtown Plymouth.

Antoinette[edit]

Made of fiberglass and standing 20 feet (6.1 m) tall, the statue of Antoinette the cow is a local landmark that honors the area's legacy of dairy production. She was erected in 1977, on the spot where the Wisconsin Cheese Exchange was located in the late 19th century, as part of the city's Centennial celebration. She's named after Jack Anton, who led the effort to put up the statue for the celebration.[39]

Cheese Drop[edit]

The Cheese Drop is sponsored every year on New Year's Eve by the Plymouth Arts Center.

Walldogs[edit]

Painted on downtown buildings by a group of muralists called the Walldogs, there are 21 murals depicting scenes and businesses from Plymouth's history.[40]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 14, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "History". City of Plymouth Website. Retrieved 26 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "History of Plymouth, Wisconsin - Plymouth Historical Society". www.plymouthhistoricalsociety.com. Retrieved 2016-09-16. 
  8. ^ Group, Genealogy Trails History. "History of the Towns and Villages of Sheboygan County, Wisconsin". genealogytrails.com. Retrieved 2016-09-16. 
  9. ^ Carl Zillier. History of Sheboygan County, Wisconsin, Past and Present, vol. 1, p. 325.
  10. ^ Zillier, pp. 326-327.
  11. ^ Jennifer L. Herman. Wisconsin Encyclopedia. p. 451.
  12. ^ "Plymouth Wisconsin Chamber of Commerce, Plymouth Wisconsin Travel and Tourism Info". plymouthwisconsin.com. Retrieved 2016-10-26. 
  13. ^ "History of Plymouth, Wisconsin - Plymouth Historical Society". www.plymouthhistoricalsociety.com. Retrieved 2016-10-26. 
  14. ^ "History". www.ciplywi.com. Retrieved 2016-10-26. 
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Public School Open Enrollment". 2013-04-23. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  19. ^ "Plymouth School District". www.plymouth.k12.wi.us. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  20. ^ "Plymouth Education Foundation". www.plymouth.k12.wi.us. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  21. ^ "Plymouth School District". www.plymouth.k12.wi.us. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  22. ^ "Plymouth School District". www.plymouth.k12.wi.us. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  23. ^ "Plymouth K-8 Responsive Education". Plymouth K-8 Responsive Education. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  24. ^ a b "Wisconsin District and School Performance Reports". apps2.dpi.wi.gov. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  25. ^ Instruction, Wisconsin Department of Public. "WISEdash Public Portal". WISEdash. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  26. ^ "Plymouth High School - Plymouth School District". www.plymouth.k12.wi.us. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  27. ^ "Page Viewer Redirect Error". wisedash.dpi.wi.gov. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  28. ^ "Plymouth School District". www.plymouth.k12.wi.us. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  29. ^ "Plymouth Wisconsin Chamber of Commerce, Plymouth Wisconsin Travel and Tourism Info". plymouthwisconsin.com. Retrieved 2016-11-01. 
  30. ^ "Established Business Parks". Sheboygan County Economic Development Corporation. Retrieved 2016-11-01. 
  31. ^ "Awards". Sartori Cheese. Retrieved 2016-11-01. 
  32. ^ "Someplace Better". 
  33. ^ "Plymouth-Kohler Rail Corridor Economic Impact Analysis" (PDF). 
  34. ^ "Wisconsin & Southern Railroad Company―Acquisition and Operation Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company". Federal Register. 2009-04-24. Retrieved 2016-11-01. 
  35. ^ "Bicycle Friendly Community" (PDF). 
  36. ^ "Sheboygan County : Old Plank Road Trail". www.sheboygancounty.com. Retrieved 2016-11-01. 
  37. ^ "Trails - Backyard Bikes and Ski Shop". www.backyardbikes.com. Retrieved 2016-11-01. 
  38. ^ "Broughton Sheboygan Marsh Park, Tower and Wildlife Area | Travel Wisconsin". TravelWisconsin. Retrieved 2016-11-04. 
  39. ^ "Wisconsin Historical Markers: Antoinette (The Cow Statue)". Wisconsin Historical Markers. Retrieved 2016-11-01. 
  40. ^ "Plymouth Murals Map". www.ciplywi.com. Retrieved 2016-11-01. 
  41. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1973,' Biographical Sketch of Bill B. Bruhy, pg. 61

External links[edit]