Timeline of Intel

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This is a timeline of Intel, one of the world's largest and highest valued[clarification needed] semiconductor chip makers.

Full timeline[edit]

Year Month and date Event type Details
1968 July 18 Company Intel is founded by Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore, who had both left Fairchild Semiconductor.[1]
1969 May 1 Competition Advanced Micro Devices is founded by Jerry Sanders. This company would become the second-largest supplier and only significant rival to Intel in the market for x86-based microprocessors.
1970 October Products Intel comes out with its 3rd product, the Intel 1103, which put Intel on the map.[2]
1971 October 13 Company Intel goes IPO at a price of $23.50 a share. At 350,000 shares, this sums to a total of $8.225M.[3]
1971 November 15 Product Intel launches its first microprocessor, the 4004.[4][5]
1972 April Product Intel announces the first 8-bit microprocessor, the 8008.[4][5][6]
1974 April Product Intel launches the Intel 8080 microprocessor, the first general-purpose microprocessor, featuring 4,500 transistors.[4] This finally kickstarts computer development.[6]
1976 Product Intel launches the Intel MCS-48 series of microcontrollers, the world's first microcontrollers (which combine a CPU with memory, peripherals, and input-output functions).[4]
1978 June Product Intel introduces the 8086 16-bit microprocessor, which becomes the industry standard (for the x86 instruction set).[6]
1979 November Product Intel launches "Operation Crush", a campaign to establish the 8086 as the standard for the 16-bit microprocessor market (which was competing with the technically superior Motorola 68000). This finally convinces IBM to adopt the 8086 in its upcoming personal computer.[2]
1980 Product Intel and Xerox introduce the cooperative Ethernet project.[4]
1982 February 1 Product Intel launches the 16-bit Intel 286 microprocessor, which features 134,000 transistors and is built into many PCs.[4]
1983 Product Intel launches CHMOS technology, which increases chip performance while decreasing power consumption.[4]
1984 Product Intel announces the world's first CHMOS DRAMs, which have densities as high as 256K.[4]
1985 Product Intel enters the parallel supercomputer business and introduces the iPSC/1.[4][7]
1985 October Product Intel launches (and sole-sources) the 80386 processor, a 32-bit chip that incorporates 275K transistors and can run multiple software programs at once.[2]
1986 September Partnerships Compaq buys the 386 for its Deskpro personal computer. Compaq was one of several IBM clones that would adopt Intel processors, which shifted control of the computing industry from IBM to Intel.[2]
1986 Legal The US-Japan Semiconductor Trade Agreement is signed, opening up Japanese markets to US semiconductor markets.
1989 April 10 Product Intel introduces the 80486 microprocessor, which it sole-sources for 4 years. This offers backwards compatibility.[2]
1989 October Marketing Intel launches the "Red X" marketing campaign by discrediting its original 16-bit and 8-bit products, in order to encourage more people to adopt 32-bit computing.[8]
1990 June 3 Team Robert Noyce suddenly dies from a heart attack.[9]
1990 November Competition Intel loses its suit against AMD. This loss allows AMD to create clones of the 386 processor.[10]
1991 Spring Product Intel decides that it will stick with CISC architecture, and cuts off support for RISC architecture, which was internally developed by Les Kohn.[2]
1991 Company Intel starts the Intel Inside marketing campaign.[4][11]
1992 Competition Intel becomes the top-ranked seller for semiconductor sales. It has retained its top ranking ever since.[4]
1993 March Product Intel launches the Pentium processor, which has 3.1 million transistors, initial speeds of 60 MHz, features an integrated floating-point unit, and is built on a 0.8 micron bi-CMOS process.[4][12]
1994 December Product Intel suffers a public relations disaster when CNN publicized the story that there was a flaw in the way that the Pentium chip did division. Intel argued that the flaw was irrelevant, but then IBM halted shipments of Pentium-based computers, forcing Intel to reverse course and offer a no-questions-asked return policy.[13]
1995 November 1 Product Intel launches the Pentium Pro processor, a high-performance chip targeted for 32-bit workstations.[4]
1996 October 22 Product Intel launches the Pentium MMX product line.[14]
1997 May 7 Product Intel launches the Pentium II line of processors, which is Intel's sixth-generation microarchitecture (P6).[15]
1998 April 1 Company Intel wins sponsorship rights to the Westinghouse Science Talent Search.[16]
1998 June 29 Product Intel rolls out the Intel Pentium II Xeon processor, Intel's new high-end solution for the workstation and server markets.[17]
1998 August 24 Product Intel launches the first processor for the budget PC market segment, the Intel Celeron processor.[18]
1999 February 26 Product Intel launches the Pentium III generation of microprocessors, which features the addition of the SSE instruction set (to accelerate floating point and parallel calculations).[19]
1999 October Company The Dow Jones Industrial Average adds Intel to its list.[20]
2000 Company Intel launches Intel Research.
2000 November Product Intel introduces the Pentium 4 processor, with an initial speed of 1.5 GHz.[4][21]
2001 May Legal, Competition Intel and Advanced Micro Devices make a patent cross-license agreement between the companies.[22]
2003 March Product Intel introduces Centrino processor technology for laptop PCs, which made wireless compatibility a standard for laptop computers.[4][23][24]
2004 February Product Intel announces that it will implement its first 64-bit processor, and releases the Nocona on June 2004.[25]
2005 June Legal, Competition AMD files lawsuit against Intel, claiming that Intel engaged in unfair competition by offering rebates to Japanese PC manufacturers who agreed to eliminate or limit purchases of microprocessors made by AMD or a smaller manufacturer, Transmeta. On November 2009, Intel agrees to pay AMD $1.25 billion in a settlement.
2006 December Product Intel launches the Core 2 Duo processor, which marks its transition into dual core processors.[4][26]
2007 November Competition Qualcomm launches the first Snapdragon system on a chip semiconductor product, which included the first 1 GHz processor for mobile phones. By 2011, Snapdragon achieves 50% market share of the smartphone processor market.[27]
2008 March 2 Product Intel announces the Intel Atom, a line of low-power, low-cost and low-performance x86 and x86-64 microprocessors that can be used for smartphones and tablets.[4]
2008 August 10 Product Intel announces the Nehalem microprocessor, which represents the new Core i7 brand of high-end microprocessors to replace the Core 2 Duo microprocessors.[28]
2009 November Legal Intel pays Advanced Micro Devices $1.25 billion in a settlement over AMD's assertion that Intel rewarded computer makers that used only Intel chips and punished those who bought from AMD.[29]
2011 January Product Intel announces the Sandy Bridge series of i7 microprocessors to replace Nehalem. Sandy Bridge microprocessors start out as quad-core.[30]
2011 May Product Intel announces that it will put the first 3D transistors. into high-volume production (the structure it invented is called "Tri-Gate").[31]
2013 June Product Intel releases the next-generation lineup of desktop and mobile processors in the Core i3, i5, and i7 family – known as Haswell.[32]
2013 September 10 Product Intel announces the Intel Quark, a tiny chip that can power Internet of Things and wearable devices.[33]
2015 July Competition Thomas Sohmers, a 2013 Thiel Fellow, announces that his Rex Systems has scored $1.25 million in venture funding to develop an alternative way to architect chips that use 1/20th of the power that Intel's chips use. He plans by starting at the high-end supercomputers market.[34][35]
2016 May 3 Product Intel announces withdrawal from smartphone market. [36] [37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Intel is founded, July 18, 1968". Edn.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Richard Tedlow (2006). Andy Grove. Penguin. ISBN 978-1-59184-139-5. 
  3. ^ "IT'S OFFICIAL: The IPO Market Is Crippled – And It's Hurting Our Country – Business Insider". Businessinsider.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Intel Online Museum: Corporate Timeline (Archived version)". Intel Museum. Intel. Archived from the original on January 3, 2013. Retrieved July 23, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "A chronological list of Intel products. The products are sorted by date" (PDF). Intel museum. Intel Corporation. July 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 9, 2007. Retrieved July 31, 2007. 
  6. ^ a b c "The History of the Microprocessor and the Personal Computer – TechSpot". Techspot.com. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  7. ^ "iPSC-1 – CHM Revolution". Com. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  8. ^ "History of the Microprocessor and the Personal Computer, Part 4 – TechSpot". Techspot.com. Retrieved February 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "An Inventor of the Microchip, Robert N. Noyce, Dies at 62". The New York Times. June 4, 1990. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Intel Loses a Round in 386 Chip Battle : Technology: But the fight is far from over. – latimes". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Inside the 'Inside Intel' Campaign – Business Insider". Businessinsider.com. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Intel's Pentium launched 20 years ago today – IT Analysis from V3.co.uk". V3.co.uk. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Inside Intel". Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  14. ^ "New chip begs new questions – CNET". Cnet.com. Retrieved February 10, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Intel Pentium II ("Klamath")". Pcguide.com. Retrieved February 10, 2016. 
  16. ^ "Intel Corp. To Sponsor Annual Science Contest – Education Week". Edweek.org. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Intel's Pentium II Xeon Processor – Introduction". Tomshardware.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  18. ^ "Intel launches new chips – Aug. 24, 1998". CNN. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  19. ^ "Intel Pentium III (Katmai) microprocessor family". Cpu-world.com. Retrieved February 10, 2016. 
  20. ^ "Dow Jones industrials to add Intel, Microsoft – Oct. 26, 1999". CNN. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  21. ^ "Intel Introduces The Pentium® 4 Processor". Intel.com. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  22. ^ "Intel and AMD renew patent cross-licensing pact". Eetimes.com. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  23. ^ "Intel's Centrino notebook platform is 10 years old". The Register. March 12, 2013. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  24. ^ "Centrino and the Hotspot Revolution". Intelfreepress.com. Retrieved February 2, 2016. 
  25. ^ "Intel Readies First 64-Bit Chip". Pcworld.com. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  26. ^ "Good-bye, Pentium—hello, Core 2 Duo – CNET". Cnet.com. Retrieved February 2, 2016. 
  27. ^ Caulfield, Brian (18 July 2012). "No Factories, No Phones, No Fuss: How Qualcomm Grabs Wireless Profits". Forbes. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  28. ^ "Nehalem = i7: Intel unveils new Core processor brand". TG Daily. August 10, 2008. Retrieved February 10, 2016. 
  29. ^ "Intel Pays A.M.D. $1.25 Billion to Settle Disputes". The New York Times. November 12, 2009. Retrieved February 2, 2016. 
  30. ^ "First Intel next-gen laptops will be quad core – CNET". Cnet.com. Retrieved February 10, 2016. 
  31. ^ "How Intel's 3D tech redefines the transistor (FAQ) – CNET". Cnet.com. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  32. ^ "Intel's new fourth-gen 'Haswell' processors: What you need to know (FAQ) – CNET". Cnet.com. Retrieved February 10, 2016. 
  33. ^ "Intel introduces Quark, a tiny chip for the internet of things and wearable computing". Theverge.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  34. ^ "A 19-year-old just scored $1.25 million in venture funding for chip design". Itworld.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  35. ^ "Nineteen-Year-Old Takes on Intel in a Bid to Make Computers Less Power-Hungry". Technologyreview.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  36. ^ "Intel's new smartphone strategy is to quit". Theverge.com. Retrieved June 1, 2016. 
  37. ^ "Intel knows it's no longer inside". Theverge.com. Retrieved June 1, 2016.