Waupaca, Wisconsin

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Waupaca
City
Waupaca County Courthouse
Waupaca County Courthouse
Location of Waupaca in Waupaca County, Wisconsin.
Location of Waupaca in Waupaca County, Wisconsin.
Waupaca is located in Wisconsin
Waupaca
Waupaca
Location within the state of Wisconsin
Coordinates: 44°21′18″N 89°4′54″W / 44.35500°N 89.08167°W / 44.35500; -89.08167Coordinates: 44°21′18″N 89°4′54″W / 44.35500°N 89.08167°W / 44.35500; -89.08167
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Waupaca
Area[1]
 • Total 8.11 sq mi (21.00 km2)
 • Land 7.82 sq mi (20.25 km2)
 • Water 0.29 sq mi (0.75 km2)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 6,069
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 5,946
 • Density 776.1/sq mi (299.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 54981
Area code(s) 715 & 534
FIPS code 55-84375
Website www.cityofwaupaca.org
Looking north at Waupaca during sesquicentennial celebration on May 5, 2007
Looking south at downtown Waupaca in 1908

Waupaca is a city in and the county seat of Waupaca County in the state of Wisconsin, United States. The population was 6,069 at the 2010 census. The city is believed to be named after Sam Waupaca (or Chief Wapuka) of the Potowatomi tribe.

The city is located mostly within the Town of Waupaca, though it is politically independent. A portion extends west into the adjacent Town of Farmington and there is also a noncontiguous area of the city in the Town of Lind to the south. The city is divided into natural areas, city areas, and industrial areas.

History[edit]

Native American mound builders lived in the area prior to European settlement. At one time there were 72 earthwork mounds in the area.[4]

By the mid-19th century, this area was occupied by the indigenous Menominee and Potowatomi tribes. European Americans began to settle here as part of westward movement. In June 1849 Capt. Augustus Hill Sr. and his sons settled at a small waterfall along the Waupaca River, beginning what became known as the city of Waupaca. The settlement was named either by the Indian term waubuck seba, meaning pale water, or after Sam Wapuka, a local Potowatomi man, who was also known as Chief Waupaca.[5]

Waupaca was incorporated as a village on May 4, 1857 by an act of the Wisconsin State Legislature.[6] This act was repealed on April 7, 1862,[7] but promptly revived on June 17 of the same year.[8] Waupaca was incorporated as a city by the legislature on March 5, 1875.[9]

Beginning in the 1960s and continuing to the present, the city has expanded its population and area through annexation.

Geography[edit]

Waupaca is located at 44°21′17″N 89°4′54″W / 44.35472°N 89.08167°W / 44.35472; -89.08167 (44.354922, -89.081775).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.11 square miles (21.00 km2), of which, 7.82 square miles (20.25 km2) is land and 0.29 square miles (0.75 km2) is water.[1]

Transportation[edit]

US 10.svg
U.S. 10 Eastbound US 10 routes to Appleton. Westbound, US 10 routes to Stevens Point.
WIS 22.svg
WIS 22 travels north to Clintonville and south to Wild Rose.
WIS 49.svg
WIS 49 routes northbound to Iola. Southbound, it runs concurrent with US 10 and routes to Berlin.
WIS 54.svg
WIS 54 travels east to New London and west to Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin.

From 1899 to 1926 streetcar service was provided by the Waupaca Electric Light and Railway Company.

Airport[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,392
1890 2,127 52.8%
1900 2,912 36.9%
1910 2,789 −4.2%
1920 2,839 1.8%
1930 3,131 10.3%
1940 3,458 10.4%
1950 3,921 13.4%
1960 3,984 1.6%
1970 4,342 9.0%
1980 4,472 3.0%
1990 4,957 10.8%
2000 5,676 14.5%
2010 6,069 6.9%
Est. 2016 5,946 [3] −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 6,069 people, 2,702 households, and 1,356 families residing in the city. The population density was 776.1 inhabitants per square mile (299.7/km2). There were 2,996 housing units at an average density of 383.1 per square mile (147.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.6% White, 0.9% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 2,702 households of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 49.8% were non-families. 42.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 40.1 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 24.6% were from 45 to 64; and 20.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[12] there were 5,676 people, 2,364 households and 1,302 families residing in the city. The population density was 947.0 per square mile (365.9/km²). There were 2,543 housing units at an average density of 424.3 per square mile (163.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.26% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.86% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.39% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 3.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,364 households of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.9% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 3.01.

Age distribution was 25.4% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.

The median household income was $31,095, and the median family income was $45,128. Males had a median income of $32,488 versus $21,651 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,890. About 7.1% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

Business and industry[edit]

The Waupaca Foundry is the largest employer in the city, employing over 1500 workers in three plants in or around the city. Most of the employees live within 20 miles (32 km) of the city.[13] Gusmer Enterprises, Inc., with a manufacturing plant on Ware Street, produces products for the food and beverage, industrial and pharmaceutical markets.[14]

Notable people[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ "History of Waupaca". Waupaca Area Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on August 4, 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-08. 
  5. ^ City of Waupaca. History of Waupaca.
  6. ^ Private and Local Laws of the State of Wisconsin, 1857, chapter 264 http://sos.nmtvault.com/pdf/THEOSOS_025/images/00013923.pdf
  7. ^ Private and Local Laws of the State of Wisconsin, 1862, chapter 321 http://sos.nmtvault.com/pdf/THEOSOS_025/images/00013924.pdf
  8. ^ Id., chapter 365 http://sos.nmtvault.com/pdf/THEOSOS_025/images/00013924.pdf
  9. ^ An Act to incorporate the city of Waupaca
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ "City of Waupaca Economic Development.". City of Waupaca. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 

External links[edit]