How a Mosquito Operates (1912) is a silent animated film by American cartoonist Winsor McCay. The six-minute short, about a giant mosquito tormenting a dozing man who tries in vain to shoo it away, is one of the earliest works of animation. It is considered far ahead of its contemporaries in its technical quality. McCay had a reputation for his proficiency as a cartoonist, exemplified in the children's comic strip Little Nemo in Slumberland. He delved into the infant art of animation with the 1911 film Little Nemo, and followed its success by adapting an episode of his comic strip Dream of the Rarebit Fiend into How a Mosquito Operates. McCay gives the animation naturalistic timing, motion, and weight, and displays a more coherent story and developed character than in Little Nemo. The film was enthusiastically received when McCay first unveiled it during a chalk talk (a vaudeville act with drawings) and in a theatrical release that soon followed. In 1914 McCay further developed his character animation style in his best-known animated work, Gertie the Dinosaur.Film: Winsor McCay
Canterbury Cathedral is a Church of England cathedral located in the city of Canterbury, Kent. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury, who is symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. The cathedral was founded in 597 by Augustine of Canterbury, who had been sent to England as a missionary by Pope Gregory the Great. It was completely rebuilt between 1070 and 1077, and then largely rebuilt again in the Gothic style following a fire in 1174, with significant extensions to accommodate the flow of pilgrims visiting the shrine of Thomas Becket, the archbishop who was murdered in the cathedral in 1170. The Norman nave and transepts survived until the late 14th century, when they were demolished to make way for the present structures.
Female topi (Damaliscus lunatus jimela) in the Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda. A subspecies of the common tsessebe antelope, the topi is native to several countries in eastern Africa and lives primarily in grassland habitats, ranging from treeless plains to savannas. It is a tall species, with individuals ranging in height from 100 to 130 cm (39 to 51 in) at the shoulder. Predators of topi include lions and spotted hyenas, with jackals being predators of newborns.Photograph: Charles J. Sharp
Rigoletto is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi. The Italian libretto was written by Francesco Maria Piave, based on the play Le roi s'amuse by Victor Hugo. Despite serious initial problems with the Austrian censors who had control over northern Italian theatres at the time, the opera had a triumphant premiere at La Fenice in Venice on 11 March 1851. The story is a tragedy which revolves around the licentious Duke of Mantua, his hunch-backed court jester Rigoletto, and Rigoletto's beautiful daughter Gilda.
Portrait of a Lady with a Squirrel and a Starling is an oil-on-oak portrait completed around 1526–1528 by German Renaissance painter Hans Holbein the Younger. The subject of this portrait is believed to be Anne Lovell, wife of Sir Francis Lovell (d. 1551), an esquire of the body to Henry VIII. The evidence for this was uncovered by stained-glass historian David J. King while studying the windows of the church in East Harling, Norfolk, the Lovell family's seat. King noted the Lovell family's coat of arms alongside squirrels in the stained glass, and also that the starlings in the painting are a pun on the name of the village.Painting: Hans Holbein the Younger
The fruit of Syzygium samarangense, a tree of the myrtle family. Known in English as the wax apple, Java apple, Semarang rose-apple, or wax jambu, the fruit is a bell-shaped edible berry and appears in crops of up to 700. S.samarangense is a tropical tree, growing to a height of 12 m (39 ft), with evergreen leaves. Its flowers are white, 2.5 cm (1 in) in diameter, and feature four petals and numerous stamens.Photograph: Basile Morin
Woman Reading a Letter is an oil-on-canvas painting by the Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer, produced in around 1663. The central element of the painting is a woman in blue standing in front of an unseen window, reading a letter. The woman appears to be pregnant, although as pregnancy was rarely depicted in art during this period, some scholars have argued that the woman's rounded figure is simply a result of the fashions of the day. While the contents of the letter are not depicted, the composition of the painting is revealing. The map of the Netherlands on the wall behind the woman has been interpreted as suggesting that the letter she reads was written by a traveling husband. Alternatively, the box of pearls barely visible on the table before the woman might suggest a lover, as pearls are sometimes a symbol of vanity. The painting is unique among Vermeer's interiors in that no fragment of corner, floor or ceiling can be seen. Part of the collection of the city of Amsterdam as part of the Van der Hoop bequest, it has been in the Rijksmuseum since its inception.Painting: Johannes Vermeer
The Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) is a research reactor at the Idaho National Laboratory in the United States. Constructed in 1967, the ATR is the second oldest of three reactors still in operation at the site. Its primary function is the intense bombardment of materials and fuels with neutrons to replicate long-term exposure to high levels of radiation, as would be present after years in a commercial nuclear reactor. The ATR is one of only four test reactors in the world with this capability. The reactor also produces rare isotopes for use in medicine and industry.
MS Marina is a cruise ship which was constructed at Fincantieri's Sestri Ponente yards in Italy for Oceania Cruises. Launched in 2011, Marina is the first in a duo of cruise ships, the other being MS Riviera, which entered service the following year. Marina was designed by Norwegian architectural firm Yran & Storbraaten and has a diesel-electric powerplant with a pair of fixed pitch propellers. As part of its construction, a U.S. silver dollar coin and a pre-Castro Cuban peso coin were welded into the keel; according to shipbuilding tradition, it is believed to bring fortune to the ship, its passengers and crew.Photograph: Christian Ferrer
Under the Horse Chestnut Tree (1898), a drypoint and aquatint print by Mary Cassatt, an American painter and printmaker who lived much of her adult life in France, where she first befriended Edgar Degas and later exhibited among the Impressionists. Cassatt often created images of the social and private lives of women, with particular emphasis on the intimate bonds between mothers and children, on which her reputation is largely based. In recognition of her contributions to the arts, France awarded her the Légion d'honneur in 1904, but she never had as much success in her homeland, having been overshadowed by her brother, railroad magnate Alexander Cassatt.Print: Mary Cassatt
An animation showing examples of capturing pieces in atomic chess. The game is played using the standard rules of chess, but with the variation that all captures result in an "explosion" in which all surrounding white and black pieces, other than pawns, are removed from play. Some variations additionally remove rules concerning check such that the king may be able to move into or remain in check. The game was introduced in 1995 by the German Internet Chess Server, based on rules one of its users collected from friends who played offline. Since then it has been implemented at Chess Live, the Internet Chess Club, Free Internet Chess Server, and Lichess.Animation: Rhododendrites
Plum Brandy, also known as The Plum (French: La Prune), is an oil-on-canvas painting by the French modernist artist Édouard Manet. It is undated but thought to have been painted about 1877. It depicts a woman seated alone at a table in a cafe, in a lethargic pose similar to that of the woman in Degas' L'Absinthe. The woman may be a prostitute, but unlike the subject of Degas' work she appears in more dreamy than depressed. She holds an unlit cigarette and her plum brandy drink appears untouched. Plum Brandy is now in the permanent collection of the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC.Painting: Édouard Manet
Mochtar Lubis (1922–2004) was an Indonesian Batak journalist and novelist who co-founded Indonesia Raya and monthly literary magazine "Horison". His novel Senja di Jakarta (Twilight in Jakarta in English) was the first Indonesian novel to be translated into English. Born on Sumatra, he began writing as a child, with his children's stories published in a local newspaper. After spells as a teacher, a banker, and a translator for the occupying Japanese forces during World War II, he became a journalist after the country's independence in 1945. He was a critic of the first Indonesian president, Sukarno, who imprisoned him without a trial from 1956 to 1966 and for another year in 1974. He spoke out frequently in favour of press freedom in the country.Photograph: Rob Bogaerts; restoration: Chris Woodrich