Winnebago County, Wisconsin

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Winnebago County, Wisconsin
WinnebagoCountyWisconsinCourthouse.jpg
Winnebago County Courthouse
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Winnebago County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1848
Seat Oshkosh
Largest city Oshkosh
Area
 • Total 579 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Land 434 sq mi (1,124 km2)
 • Water 144 sq mi (373 km2), 25%
Population
 • (2010) 166,994
 • Density 384/sq mi (148/km²)
Congressional districts 6th, 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.winnebago.wi.us

Winnebago County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 166,994.[1] Its county seat is Oshkosh.[2] It was named for the historic Winnebago people, a federally recognized Native American tribe now known as the Ho-Chunk Nation. Chief Oshkosh was a leader in the area.

Winnebago County comprises the Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The region was occupied by several Native American tribes in the period of European encounter, including the Sauk, Fox, Menominee, and Ojibwa (known as Chippewa in the US). French traders from what is now Canada had early interaction with them, as did French Jesuit missionaries, who sought to convert them to Catholicism. European and American settlement encroached on their traditional territories, and the United States negotiated treaties in the mid-19th century to keep pushing the Indians to the west.

Winnebago County was created in 1840 by European Americans and organized in 1848.[3] The name Winnebago is of Algonquin origin, with variations used by the Fox and Potowatomi to refer to the Fox River below Lake Winnebago, which sometimes got muddy and full of fish.[4] It means 'people dwelling by the fetid or ill-smelling water', which may also refer to a sulfur spring.[5] The county seat, Oshkosh, was incorporated as a city in 1853, when it already had a population of nearly 2,800.[6]

Chief Oshkosh was the namesake for the county seat. A leader of the Menominee in the region, he was successful in gaining authorization from the federal government for 2500 of his people to remain in Wisconsin, at a time when the government was pushing for their removal west of the Mississippi River.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 579 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 434 square miles (1,120 km2) is land and 144 square miles (370 km2) (25%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

Wittman Regional Airport (KOSH) serves the county and surrounding communities.

Brennan Airport (79C) in the Town of Clayton is a major recreational aircraft hub year-round.

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Winnebago County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 135
1850 10,167 7,431.1%
1860 23,770 133.8%
1870 37,279 56.8%
1880 42,740 14.6%
1890 50,097 17.2%
1900 58,225 16.2%
1910 62,116 6.7%
1920 63,897 2.9%
1930 76,622 19.9%
1940 80,507 5.1%
1950 91,103 13.2%
1960 107,928 18.5%
1970 129,931 20.4%
1980 131,703 1.4%
1990 140,320 6.5%
2000 156,763 11.7%
2010 166,994 6.5%
Est. 2016 169,886 [8] 1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 156,763 people, 61,157 households, and 39,568 families residing in the county. The population density was 357 per square mile (138/km2). There were 64,721 housing units at an average density of 148 per square mile (57/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.92% White, 1.12% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 1.84% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. 1.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 52.4% were of German, 6.2% Irish and 5.7% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.6% spoke English, 2.5% Spanish and 1.0% Hmong as their first language.

There were 61,157 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.30% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.99.

By age, 23.80% of the population was under 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% were 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 99.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.80 males.

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 49.9% 43,445 42.5% 37,047 7.6% 6,643
2012 47.2% 42,122 51.0% 45,449 1.8% 1,602
2008 43.3% 37,946 54.9% 48,167 1.8% 1,564
2004 52.5% 46,542 46.2% 40,943 1.3% 1,111
2000 50.4% 38,330 44.7% 33,983 5.0% 3,767
1996 42.7% 27,880 45.3% 29,564 12.0% 7,803
1992 43.6% 33,709 35.2% 27,234 21.3% 16,443
1988 54.8% 35,085 44.5% 28,508 0.6% 410
1984 62.7% 39,014 36.7% 22,791 0.6% 378
1980 53.3% 34,286 37.6% 24,203 9.1% 5,864
1976 55.4% 32,149 42.2% 24,485 2.5% 1,448
1972 57.3% 29,488 39.7% 20,450 3.0% 1,544
1968 53.8% 25,361 39.5% 18,605 6.7% 3,138
1964 47.0% 21,084 52.7% 23,636 0.3% 115
1960 61.7% 28,598 38.1% 17,656 0.2% 80
1956 71.4% 28,759 27.6% 11,115 0.9% 380
1952 68.2% 28,172 31.5% 13,016 0.3% 140
1948 55.2% 17,165 42.2% 13,116 2.7% 829
1944 59.6% 19,310 39.6% 12,841 0.8% 269
1940 54.1% 18,697 45.1% 15,570 0.8% 268
1936 36.9% 11,679 58.6% 18,522 4.5% 1,420
1932 41.3% 11,505 56.0% 15,591 2.7% 756
1928 61.1% 16,191 37.7% 9,995 1.2% 315
1924 48.7% 11,239 7.8% 1,801 43.5% 10,038
1920 69.5% 12,035 19.6% 3,397 10.8% 1,876
1916 50.5% 5,923 44.7% 5,242 4.8% 566
1912 17.0% 1,922 41.0% 4,631 42.0% 4,743[15]
1908 52.2% 6,797 42.4% 5,511 5.4% 703
1904 62.6% 7,720 32.5% 4,006 4.9% 600
1900 55.7% 7,467 41.8% 5,605 2.6% 342
1896 59.2% 7,898 38.2% 5,089 2.6% 347
1892 45.1% 5,354 49.6% 5,893 5.3% 635

Winnebago County is governed by the 36-member Winnebago County Board of Supervisors. Supervisors are elected to the board in a nonpartisan election held the first Tuesday of April in even numbered years and serve two-year terms. The board has several committees. It meets on the third Tuesday of each month at the Winnebago County Courthouse in Oshkosh.

Winnebago County has become a swing county in recent decades. It has voted for the winning presidential candidate in every election since 1980, except in 1992 when it supported George Bush.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Winnebago", Dictionary.com
  5. ^ "Winnebago Took Its Name from an Indian Tribe". The Post-Crescent. December 28, 1963. p. 14. Retrieved August 25, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  6. ^ City of Oshkosh. About Us.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  15. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 4,098 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 478 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 146 votes, and Independent candidate Arthur Reimer received 21 votes.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°04′N 88°38′W / 44.06°N 88.64°W / 44.06; -88.64