|Designer||Microprocessor Research and Development Center|
|Page size||4 KiB|
Unicore is the name of a computer instruction set architecture designed by Microprocessor Research and Development Center (MPRC) of Peking University in the PRC. The computer built on this architecture is called the Unity-863. The CPU is integrated into a fully functional SoC to make a PC-like system.
The instructions are almost identical to the standard ARM formats, except that conditional execution has been removed, and the bits reassigned to expand all the register specifiers to 5 bits. Likewise, the immediate format is 9 bits rotated by a 5-bit amount (rather than 8 bit rotated by 4), the load/store offset sizes are 14 bits for byte/word and 10 bits for signed byte or half-word. Conditional moves are provided by encoding the condition in the (unused by ARM) second source register field Rn for MOV and MVN instructions.
|0||0||0||opcode||S||Rn||Rd||shift||0||Sh||0||Rm||ALU operation, Rd = Rn op Rm shift #shift|
|0||0||0||opcode||S||Rn||Rd||Rs||0||Sh||1||Rm||ALU operation, Rd = Rn op Rm shift Rs|
|0||0||1||opcode||S||Rn||Rd||shift||imm9||ALU operation, Rd = Rn op #imm9 ROTL #shift|
|0||1||0||P||U||B||W||L||Rn||Rd||shift||0||Sh||0||Rm||Load/store Rd to address Rn ± Rm shift #shift|
|0||1||1||P||U||B||W||L||Rn||Rd||offset14||Load/store Rd to address Rn ± offset14|
|1||0||0||P||U||S||W||L||Rn||Bitmap high||0||0||H||Bitmap low||Load/store multiple registers|
|1||0||1||cond||L||offset24||Branch (and link) if condition true|
|1||1||0||Coprocessor (FPU) instructions|
|1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||Trap number||Software interrupt|
|0||0||0||0||0||0||A||S||Rn||Rd||Rs||1||0||0||1||Rm||Multiply, Rd = Rm * Rs (+ Rn)|
|0||0||0||1||0||0||0||L||11111||11111||00000||1||0||0||1||Rm||Branch and exchange (BX, BLX)|
|0||1||0||P||U||0||W||L||Rn||Rd||00000||1||S||H||1||Rm||Load/store Rd to address Rn ± Rm (16-bit)|
|0||1||0||P||U||1||W||L||Rn||Rd||imm_hi||1||S||H||1||imm_lo||Load/store Rd to address Rn ± #imm10 (16-bit)|
The meaning of various flag bits (such as S=1 enables setting the condition codes) is identical to the ARM instruction set. The load/store multiple instruction can only access half of the register set, depending on the H bit. If H=0, the 16 bits indicate R0–R15; if H=1, R16–R31.
- "Introduction to MPRC". Microprocessor Research and Develop Center, Peking University.
- Xu Cheng; Xiaoyin Wang; Junlin Lu; Jiangfang Yi; Dong Tong; Xuetao Guan; Feng Liu; Xianhua Liu; Chun Yang; Yi Feng (March 2010), "Research Progress of UniCore CPUs and PKUnity SoCs" (PDF), Journal of Computer Science and Technology (JCST), 25 (2): 200–213, retrieved 2012-07-11
- Bergmann, Arnd (2012-07-09). "Re: [PATCH 00/36] AArch64 Linux kernel port". linux-kernel (Mailing list). Retrieved 2012-07-11.
Another interesting example is unicore32, which actually shares more code with arch/arm than the proposed arch/aarch64 does. I think the unicore32 code base would benefit from being merged back into arch/arm as a third instruction set, but the additional maintenance cost for everyone working on ARM makes that unrealistic.
- "Merge window closed - 2.6.39-rc1 out". Linus Torvalds.
- Hsu-Hung Chiang; Huang-Jia Cheng; Yuan-Shin Hwan (2012-02-25), "Doubling the Number of Registers on ARM Processors" (PDF), 16th Workshop on Interaction between Compilers and Computer Architectures (INTERACT), pp. 1–8, ISBN 1-4673-2613-5, doi:10.1109/INTERACT.2012.6339620
- Unicore processor simulator source code. Instruction formats are in decode.c, disassembly in interpret.c, and emulation in instEx.c.
- QEMU Unicore32 emulator source code
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